Tag Archives: philosophers

Reinforcing Effects of Electrical Brain Stimulation

Source: Wireheading Introduction In 1954, Olds and Milner reported an observation that arguably represents the most intriguing and enigmatic phenomenon biopsychologists have yet encountered. They noted that a rat preferred the region of the test apparatus where it received electrical … Continue reading

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Nihilism by Alan Pratt

Alan Pratt IEP Nihilism is the belief that all values are baseless and that nothing can be known or communicated. It is often associated with extreme pessimism and a radical skepticism that condemns existence. A true nihilist would believe in … Continue reading

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Wittgenstein on Language

Partially Examined Life On Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Investigations, Part I, sections 1-33 and 191-360 (written around 1946). What is linguistic meaning? Wittgenstein argues that it’s not some mysterious entity in the mind, but that it is a public matter: you … Continue reading

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Physicists continue work to abolish time as fourth dimension of space

Lisa Zyga Psych.org Philosophers have debated the nature of time long before Einstein and modern physics. But in the 106 years since Einstein, the prevailing view in physics has been that time serves as the fourth dimension of space, an … Continue reading

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Why Individualism is more compassionate than Collectivism

J.G. Vibes Activist Post Throughout most of the world people are taught to look at reality in a very polarized way. When certain issues are presented to us through mainstream circles they are usually oversimplified to the point where all … Continue reading

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A bill of rights for dolphins: They’re so smart we must treat them as ‘non human persons’ say scientists

Fiona MacRae Daily Mail Dolphins are so intelligent that they should be thought of as ‘non-human persons’ and given their own bill of rights, it is claimed. A coalition of scientists, philosophers and animal welfare groups have come up with … Continue reading

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Ethics and Intuitions

Source: Peter Singer, The Journal of Ethics, January 20, 2007 For millennia, philosophers have speculated about the origins of ethics. Recent research in evolutionary psychology and the neurosciences has shed light on that question. But this research also has normative … Continue reading

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