Evaluation of the anticancer potential of six herbs against a hepatoma cell line

Weerapreeyakul et al.
Chinese Medicine Journal

Abstract (provisional)

Background

Six herbs in the Plant Genetics Conservation Project that have been used as complementary medicines were chosen on the basis of their medicinal value, namely Terminalia mucronata, Diospyros winitii, Bridelia insulana, Artabotrys harmandii, Terminallia triptera, and Croton oblongifolius. This study aims to evaluate the potential anticancer activity of 50% ethanolwater extracts of these six herbs.

Methods

Fifty percent ethanol-water crude extracts of the six herbs were prepared. The cytotoxicity of the herbal extracts relative to that of melphalan was evaluated using a hepatoma cell line (HepG2), and examined by neutral red assays and apoptosis induction by gel electrophoresis and flow cytometry after 24 h.

Results

A significant difference was found between the cytotoxicity of the 50% ethanol-water crude extracts and melphalan (P = 0.000). The 50% ethanol-water crude extracts of all six herbs exhibited cytotoxicity against HepG2 cells, with IC50 values ranging from 100 to 500 mug/mL. The extract of T. triptera showed the highest cytotoxicity with an IC50 of 148.7 +/- 12.3 mug/mL, while melphalan had an IC50 of 39.79 +/- 7.62 mug/mL. The 50% ethanol-water crude extracts of D. winitii and T. triptera, but not A. harmandii, produced a DNA ladder. The 50% ethanol water crude extracts of D. winitii, T. triptera, and A. harmandii induced apoptosis detected by flow cytometry.

Conclusion

The 50% ethanol-water crude extracts of D. winitii, T. triptera, and A. harmandii showed anticancer activity in vitro.

For More: Evaluation of the anticancer potential of six herbs against a hepatoma cell line

This entry was posted in Cancer, Headlines, Health Related and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply