Permaculture: Goat Diseases

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There are various diseases that goats will contract. Some of these diseases come from viruses, parasites and bacteria. The diagnosis of the diseases will vary. However, some of these diseases may be similar and can be difficult to pinpoint. Treatment is imminent in order to get them well very quickly. There is a part that the farmer is required to play as far as getting their goats back to health. A lot of times, these diseases can be prevented if the farmer takes preventive steps to keep their goat healthy.

Here are some of the diseases that goats deal with:

Abortion
Abortion in goats can happen between the 6th – 8th week of a doe’s pregnancy. It
can be caused by drinking water that has salmonella. The female goat can receive
treatment from a veterinarian.

Anorexia
Can be caused by a lack of appetite.

Arthritis
Arthritis in a goat (baby) can be an infection in the navel. There is also arthritis
that happens after birth, due to neglect of sufficient vitamins and minerals.

Anthrax
The goat gets a high temperature and doesn’t have an appetite. They may only
survive for a day. Keep the goat away from everyone. For the remaining goats,
they should be vaccinated.

Bronchitis
If the goat gets a lung worm infection, they can get bronchitis. Get rid of the dust
in the feed by putting more water in their mixture (regular or molasses water)

Bloat
Eating Lucerne hay can cause the goat to bloat. It will urinate a lot, walk funny
and stomp their feet in irritation. Use hay that is dry when you are giving them
fresh legumes. This can prevent them from bloat in the future. You can also put a
little peanut oil on the feed.

Chlamydiosis
The symptoms for this are diarrhea and pneumonia. If the female goat is
pregnant, they may lose their unborn child. If the child is born, they may contract
arthritis. The goat can be treated with penicillin.

Coccdiosis
The goat will have low blood, diarrhea and feel week. If they are baby goats,
they could die. They will need to be examined by a veterinarian.

Dermatitis
There are different kinds of this disease:

  • Labial dermatitis – when milk residue remains on the mouth of kids that are pan fed, the skin gets hard and starts to crack. Their face looks disfigured. This can be treated with a cream.
  • Labial and interdigital dermatitis – this happens when a goat eats plants such as ragwort Azaleas or they are attacked by mites. To treat this, use lanoline or petroleum jelly.
  • Allergic dermatitis – this happens when a goat gets bitten by wasps or mosquitoes. This can be treated with a protective cream.

Eye Illnesses

  • Conjunctivitis – this happens when a goat’s eyes come in contact with grass, seeds, and thorns. The closer that they get to the cornea, the greater chance there is of contracting this. The eye area gets red and swollen. The affected area can be treated by using a saline solution.
  • Pink eye – this is a contagious disease. You may see a discharge coming from the goat’s eye. Wash the affected area with saline water. Use aerosol drops (2 drops) twice a day.

Foot and Mouth Disease
This disease affects young goats and adult goats. It affects the tongue, lips,
cheeks and other oral areas. The adult goats look lethargic; the kids may not
survive the disease. Keep them away from everyone else and get the rest of them
vaccinated. For the ones who have the disease, wash their mouth using a mild
disinfectant.

Foot Rot
This disease is contagious. It deals with various bacteria. The foot gets inflamed
and it is moist. They turn red and start losing hair between their toes. The
infection can mess up the horn of the foot. This can cause the goat to lose weight.

Goat Pox
The goat will have a fever and feel congested. If it’s a baby goat, they will have a
high temperature as well. They could also have lesions on their skin, but they
usually don’t live long enough for that to happen. Keep them away from
everyone else. Wash the skin lesions using hydrogen peroxide. And warm water.
Use antibiotic cream to keep out infection.

Hemorrhagic Septicemia
The goat will have difficult time breathing, a high fever, coughing and they may
succumb to this disease. Treatment involves being vaccinated.

Hoof Trimming
In order to prevent the hooves to grow differently, they must be trimmed. Having
them grow any kind of way will add pressure on the goat’s legs. The pressure can
lead to pain which would make it difficult for them to walk. If some of the hooves have curled up, mud and other stuff can get inside. This can cause foot rot disease. Trimming is important so that the toe and the heel of the goat can be placed in proportion with one another. Make a schedule to have your goat’s hooves trimmed every 90 days.

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2 Responses to Permaculture: Goat Diseases

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