A University of Adelaide study has identified the risk of major birth defects associated with different types of assisted reproductive technology.
In the most comprehensive study of its kind in the world, researchers from the University’s Robinson Institute have compared the risk of major birth defects for each of the reproductive therapies commonly available internationally, such as: IVF (in vitro fertilization), ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection) and ovulation induction. They also compared the risk of birth defects after fresh and frozen embryo transfer.
The results are being published today in the prestigious New England Journal of Medicine, and presented in Barcelona, Spain at the World Congress on Building Consensus in Gynecology, Infertility and Perinatology.
“While assisted reproductive technologies are associated with an increased risk of major birth defects overall, we found significant differences in risk between available treatments,” says the lead author of the study, Associate Professor Michael Davies from the University of Adelaide’s Robinson Institute and School of Paediatrics and Reproductive Health.